Rough skin refers to skin that feels uneven, coarse, and lacks a smooth or soft texture. It often feels bumpy or rough to the touch and may appear dry, flaky, or scaly in certain areas. Rough skin can occur on the face and various parts of the body, including the hands, feet, elbows, knees, and other areas that are frequently exposed to environmental factors and friction.
The texture of the skin is determined by several factors, including the amount of moisture it contains, the health of its outer protective layer (stratum corneum), and the presence of any skin conditions or abnormalities.
A combination of exfoliation and hydration can help improve rough, bumpy skin.
Rough skin can be caused by various factors, and it often results from a combination of environmental, lifestyle, and genetic influences. Some common causes of rough skin include:
Dryness: One of the most common causes of rough skin is dryness. When the skin lacks sufficient moisture, it can become flaky, rough, and prone to irritation.
Environmental Factors: Exposure to harsh environmental conditions, such as cold and windy weather or low humidity, can strip the skin of its natural oils and lead to dryness and roughness.
Overexposure to Water: Frequent and prolonged contact with water, especially hot water, can strip the skin of its natural oils, leading to dry and rough patches.
Sun Damage: Excessive sun exposure can damage the skin, causing it to become rough, dry, and prone to premature aging.
Aging: As we age, the skin’s ability to retain moisture decreases, making it more susceptible to dryness and roughness.
Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can lead to overall dehydration, affecting the skin’s hydration levels and contributing to roughness.
Harsh Skincare Products: Using skincare products with harsh ingredients or excessive exfoliation can disrupt the skin’s natural barrier, leading to roughness and sensitivity.
Skin Conditions: Certain skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis, and keratosis pilaris, can cause rough and bumpy skin patches.
Lifestyle Habits: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and an unhealthy diet can negatively impact skin health and contribute to roughness.
Friction and Pressure: Frequent friction or pressure on certain areas of the skin, such as the hands or feet, can lead to the development of calluses and rough patches.
Genetics: Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to having naturally rougher skin or conditions that affect skin texture